Entrepreneurship Over Coffee
Needless to say, the enormous corporate and worldwide systems in place have a massive role to play in this problem. However, the issue reaches down to your own bin in your own kitchen.
The typical UK household chucks out over 20 percent of the food they purchase annually; this is about #700 worth of meals each year. Needless to say, we can’t address the issue on our own, the people in charge must make changes. However, a change in the public attitude to food waste is vital, not just when it comes to reducing waste but also to raise the demand for better standards and better technology with which to attack the problem.
It is not all doom and gloom; those issues are solvable! It will take a little bit of work, but significant moves can be made by us all to repair our meals waste shortcomings. Governments all around the world have started to recognise the scale and importance of the issue and vowed to work with the international food sector to improve the practices of supply and waste disposal practices.
So far as helping out of our homes goes, there are loads of little habitual changes we could make to be able to reshape our national attitude to food.
The probability of you purchasing food that you don’t need if you proceed in your weekly shop with no strategy is quite significant. This is particularly true when it comes to fresh produce such as vegetables and uncooked meat products. This not only increases the waste issue, it follows that you’re just throwing money away! Your bank balance will look better, your waste is going to be reduced, and deciding what to eat will be far less stressful!
Look for a low solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC). SHGC is a measure of solar radiation admitted through a window. Low SHGCs reduce heat gain in warm climates.
Select windows with both low U-factors and low SHGCs to maximize energy savings in temperate climates with both cold and hot seasons.
Look for whole-unit U-factors and SHGCs, rather than center-of-glass U-factors and SHGCs. Whole-unit numbers more accurately reflect the energy performance of the entire product.
Learn more about energy performance ratings for windows.
Even the most energy-efficient window must be properly installed to ensure energy efficiency and comfort. Have your windows installed by trained professionals according to manufacturer’s instructions; otherwise, your warranty may be void.
Window installation varies depending on the type of window, the construction of the house (wood, masonry, etc.), the exterior cladding (wood siding, stucco, brick, etc.), and the type (if any) of weather-restrictive barrier.
Windows, flashing, and air sealing should all be installed according to the manufacturer’s recommendations to perform correctly.
The Building America Solution Center offers guidance on complete window and frame replacement. Consult this guide with your window professional to ensure proper installation.
Choosing among the various window types and styles is just one piece of the window-buying puzzle but it’s an important piece. Sure, you need to understand the technical things like energy efficiency but before you even go there you first need to first choose the type of window that you want. Should it be double hung or casement or some other type? Then there’s the style to consider. Do you prefer a 12-lite pattern, colored glass or some other style characteristics?
Lots of articles and websites lump the terms “window types” and “window styles” together to mean the same thing. This web page takes a different view in that the “type” of window defines its functionality whereas window “style” speaks to its aesthetic form.
The right type of window impacts the livability and functionality of your home. In other words, how they function, open and operate can be easy and convenient or annoying and difficult (which means you ultimately should have made a better window choice).
And windows are more than portholes that bring in light and keep weather out. Windows are (or can be) highly stylistic and have a big impact on the overall aesthetic appeal of your home.
To make good window choices consider the type of window that best suits your needs. But don’t forget about style and how windows impact not only how your house looks from the outside, but how it looks and feels on the inside as well.
Understanding the distinction while keeping both in mind can help you make the right overall choice.
There are a variety of window types that you can choose from and each has its particular attributes that distinguish it from other kinds of windows.
Wood frames also contract, expand, and need painting or other finishes to protect the timber and preserve their physical appearance. Wood can be painted to allow for colour change, has great insulative value, and is powerful.
Fiberglass frames are secure, low maintenance, and non-conductive.
Frames made from wood, vinyl, and fiberglass conduct less heat leading to lower U-factors than aluminum frames. Wood composites, fiberglass, and reinforced vinyl have insulative values similar or greater than solid wood frames. Some frames have their cavities full of foam insulation to raise their insulative ability.
Warm edge spacers between glazing layers are utilised to decrease conductivity and condensation and function as a thermal break to decrease heat transfer. They’re particularly important in metal frames.
Proper window setup is important in energy efficiency and preventing water flows. Photo: U.S. DOE Energy Savers – Window Setup.
Installing new windows means paying attention to correct installation requirements for the specific window style. Be certain they are installed according to manufacturer’s directions, or your warranty may be void.
Incorrect installation can lead to energy losses in addition to water moving to the interior wall cavity, leading to damaged siding and wood beneath the window as the water moves downward. The window opening must be flashed and incorporated into the home’s weather-resistive barrier so that any possible water leaks don’t cause harm. Install window head and sill flashing, and make sure correct flashing processes are used. To air seal, caulk the backsides of the window mounting side and top flanges into the weather-resistive barrier when installing.
Any weep holes that allow moisture drainage shouldn’t be plugged. Some newer windows are supposed to let any moisture that does get into escape. If in doubt about the installation techniques, contact the manufacturer.
Everyone loves a little sun … but not always in the comfort of their dwelling.
As Robert Frost wrote, good fences make good neighbors — if the fence looks one day without warning, but they can make ones. Consult with any neighbors whose property will abut your fence to give them a opportunity to prepare for the shift, if possible. (Heck, they may even offer to split the cost should you compromise on a design feature that they favor.)
Consider Your Targets
Is as your response will help narrow down your choices — why you need a fence. There are four categories
Privacy fence: If the aim is to block sight lines, you need strong fencing, which generally means it will have closely spaced vertical boards, pickets (pointed bets), or framed panels to keep you from viewing out and others from viewing. It should be at least 6 ft tall so most folks won’t see it over–taller when the neighbor’s teens are on the basketball team.
Security fence: To keep out people, you will again need a fence that is 6 feet tall or higher to dissuade anyone from just hopping over it. Spiky tops or pickets help discourage climbers when the fence has a smooth surface, so there is no place. For fences with rails on pickets and one side on the other–in other words, for fences–which means confronting out the pickets.
Decorative fence: If the purpose is to establish property lines, then add a structural component to the landscape or enhance curb appeal, your weapon does not have to be quite as large or obtrusive. You can select one that’s two to four feet high, and with spaced pickets, latticework, or all kinds of ornamental designs which don’t obstruct the view, but improve it.
Or, for an even lower-cost fence, you may use a plastic or metal mesh hung on metal poles or stakes.
Pick Your Material
Maintenance Tip: paint or Seal treated wood and replace planks.
Stucco, brick, block, and stone fences create a aesthetic but at a price: These substances require expert installation and skew pricey. Because of their weight, masonry fences require the depth to, or a foundation implanted below the line. Homeowners and another material, such as wood or iron mix some form of masonry and price. Concrete that is poured and Block need brick fences and steel reinforcement feature a concrete or block fence on the exterior just with brick veneer.
Maintenance Tip mortar joints in brick and stone fences may work and need re-pointing to stabilize.
FENCE TYPE Connection
While their links do not do much chain link fences offer security for kids and pets at a low price. The substances are among the cheapest fencing alternatives available, making this sort of fence is a option for lawns that are rural where choices are made by the quantity of fencing cost-prohibitive. Along with economic materials, an easy-to-DIY setup–one which involves setting articles, installing a top rail, and then extending connected mesh between the railings and posts–saves homeowners more money.
Maintenance Tip: String link can corrode at the junctions but it is hard to prevent. For a longer life and a better look, consider updating to chain connection.
FENCE TYPE wire
This sort of fence is functional predators out or setup to keep livestock in. Know that wire fencing illegal in most communities and is restricted to use before you set up.
Care Tip: if they sag because of livestock Barbed wire strands should be re-stretched from time to time.
Iscussed in Part 1 of our website, automated gate systems can be found in a number of styles and structures to fit your security needs. The blog’s second installment looks at gates can help protect areas and important members of your dwelling.
Wood fence panels can save time and money, but weigh your choices against building your fence “from scratch”.
Wood fence panel boards can be lower quality than the boards you might have chosen on your own (one of the resources of this cost savings). Additionally, the hardest and detail-intensive elements of building your fence are placing the poles and installing the railings, which you will still need to successfully complete prior to installing the pre-made panels.
Ease of repair is another issue: you frequently have to replace the whole fence panel rather than repairing only the damaged area.
Ready to start your fence project?
Design your weapon, keeping in mind how you would like your fence to appear and operate. How high?
What design features can you add to decorate your fence and your dwelling? Arbors, trellis shirts, benches, planters, etc..
Pick your stuff, considering price, maintenance, and fashion.
Gather your resources and supplies.
Call your regional utitities (or 811) so that they can indicate the “no dig” zones on your premises. You don’t need to nick an electrical wire or gas line while digging holes!
Clear your calendar for many days. Even better, clear your buddy’s calendar for additional help.
Here are a few pointers that will help you get started.
Click here in order to explore different material types (wood, iron, vinyl, etc.) to build your fence with.
Or, if you know the material already, but need to explore unique styles, take a look at our fencing layout page to narrow things down.
Take a look at our resources checklist to be certain you’re not forgetting anything you will need to start (and finish) your job! Nothing is worse than compelling your pal to assist you on their day off, only to understand that you forgot the nails. Happy building!
The kind of fence you choose won’t only play a vital role in your house’s exterior design, but also provide among the most significant advantages of all homes; safety. Privacy and security are two of the most frequent reasons Americans look to purchase homes. A professionally installed fencing gives every homeowner that true sense of home we all want.
Casement windows are much like awning windows except they’re vertical. With quality gaskets and tight fit, they also offer great protection against air infiltration. They have only the outer perimeter window region which could allow air leaks.
Double and single hung windows also provide ventilation. But they have more potential for air leaks at or near the middle of the glass, in which the windows lock together, and both sashes meet. They have to be weatherstripped well, or this window design enables more air infiltration across the edges of the frame or sliding track and in the region where both sashes meet.
Sliding windows are extremely similar to single and double wrapped except they’re turned sideways. They must be weatherstripped. The locking mechanism has to draw the window sash tightly to the frame.
Consider installing exterior or interior storm windows if it is not feasible or affordable to replace windows.
Solar movies may be tints. Tints reduce the light entering the house. Transparent films reduce solar power while allowing light to enter. Assess the SHGC rating.
To keep the sun’s heat from the home (for hot climates, east- and west-facing windows, and unshaded south-facing windows), a Low-e coating needs to be applied to the exterior pane of glass. If the windows are made to offer heat energy in the winter and keep heat in the home (typical of cold climates), the Low-e coating needs to be applied to the interior pane of glass.
There are a number of choices of frames.
Aluminum as a metal, although durable and low maintenance, conducts heat leading to heat loss, and might lead to some condensation formation. To decrease heat conduction or leak, aluminum windows should have a thermal break. This is accomplished with an edge spacer or substance within the window frame to decrease the motion or conduction of heat to cooler framework surfaces.
Vinyl window frames may fade (although stabilizers reduce the issue), become brittle, and expand and contract over wood or aluminum. Vinyl frames have the prospect of eventual air leakage because of this expansion and contraction.
To get a custom look that does not cost a lot of money, stick with regular windows throughout, splurging on a couple of standout designs for windows visible from the curb. Keep in mind that “standard” windows need not seem run-of-the-mill. Extraordinary products–such as round, arched, octagonal, Gothic, and elliptical windows–figure one of the inventory provided by mainstream manufacturers.
According to Sean Boyes of Boyes & Torrens Construction in Neversink, New York: “When it comes to installing windows, it is ideal to hire a respectable company that’s fully insured,” he says. “When you hire a professional, you can make certain the window will fit correctly. Plus, a respectable company will support the installation later on if needed.”
In accordance with Boyes, “Selecting quality windows and expert installation would normally run anywhere from $500 to $1,200 for every unit, based on the style. Picture windows, bays, and bows will be more expensive.”
Can Energy Efficient Windows Work?
Becoming more energy efficient by decreasing your house’s heating and cooling costs is a excellent way to save money. Among the very best methods to improve a building’s energy efficiency is to capitalize on the energy-saving advantages of replacement windows.
When you are ready to search for replacement windows, search for the Energy Star label, whatever the window type. Energy Star certified windows lower household energy bills by an average of 12% nationally.
How can energy efficient windows work?
A cold draft is a sure indication of an ineffective window, but cracks or openings in or around the window aren’t the only ways that drafts can happen. While a correctly fitted and installed window is vitally important, so are the materials that comprise the frames and panes.
During conduction, heat is transferred through the window. In the wintertime, this implies the heat generated by your HVAC system is dropped directly through chilly, inefficient window panes and window frames.
When warm air comes in contact with a cold window pane, it’s cooled, and the cold air sinks while more warm air from your house rises to replace it. This creates a cycle of rising warm air and sinking cool atmosphere that produces a cold draft in your dwelling.
Check for certificates, licenses, and work insurance. If something happens during your house project, you need to ensure everyone working on your home is properly qualified and insured.
For more specialist hiring tips, check out our guide to hiring home remodelers.
Windows play an essential role in your home’s comfort and energy efficiency. While replacing your window will offer the most total energy savings, there are lots of smaller improvements that can be made that have a lower total price.
Make certain to make the most of your DIY choices that will assist you seal up and insulate your windows to minimize energy loss and prices. If you realize that your own handiwork is not enough, do not be afraid to reach out and consult an expert. You will save energy, money, and eliminate those pesky loopholes from your dwelling.
When we select windows for a new home or remodeling job, look is our first consideration. Most frequently we select casement, awning, double-hung or glass based on personal preference — not because they supply a tighter seal or the greatest natural ventilation. Convenience is important also. An entire business is built around the tilt-out window. But performance and price are absolute. They’re significant values deserving thoughtful consideration.
Consumers are impressed by cost at the pump: the price of windows off-the-shelf. But cost really depends upon durability and the energy dollars pumped through the windows annually. They could lower your mortgaged investment by letting you install a smaller and more affordable heating & cooling system. Efficient windows allow you to feel more comfortable and last longer. Energy conservation and durability are critical components in life-cycle price. Nowadays, high-energy comes in every kind of window.
I’m convinced that if we can observe energy-loss like we see colour and shape, energy efficiency would top our wish list of window choices. Imagine using a dial that shows energy dollars spent since they float through our windows!
During the late Middle Ages in Europe, however, the expanding cheapness of glass and the evolution of the fixed glazed sash led to a gradual increase in the amount of glazed windows in civil and domestic buildings. Since the sashes were modest, the desire for light and atmosphere was fulfilled by the use of mullions and transoms (horizontal supports) to subdivide large window openings. Initially, sashes were put only in the top section of the window, with the lower part still closed with shutters. From the 15th century, however, solid shutters were being replaced by hinged glazed sashes, or casements, which resulted in the normal use of rectangular openings in most buildings due to the simplicity with which the casements could be framed in them.
During the High Renaissance in Italy and France, window openings conformed to classical proportions and were split by one mullion and one transom forming a cross.
In the later Renaissance that the French developed and produced the sort of large casement window which has remained the approved kind on the continent of Europe ever since–popularly called the French window. In this sort of casement window that the opening is long–often extending down to the ground–and relatively narrow and is glazed with two large, hinged, wooden sashes, arranged to swing in, each subdivided into three or more lights of relatively large size. An iron railing or stone balustrade is developed on the outside for security.
In modern architecture the effect of industry on a lot of processes of modern building has resulted in the use of metal frames for windows in the majority of residential construction, and it’s made possible the use of ever greater areas of glass. Windows are usually wall to wall and floor to ceiling, and often when the construction is air-conditioned they no longer need opening sash members. Skyscrapers are covered entirely in glass; though initially these window sidings were simply “curtain walls” or unopenable windows, following energy-saving requirements made necessary using openable and frequently tinted sections of those glass walls. Modern windows are usually made out of dual or triple thicknesses of glass separated by air space for insulation; these are known as double- or triple-glazed windows.